The whole idea of predictive prophecy has always been under attack - fulfilled prophecy is too powerful an apologetic for Satan and his minions to tolerate. The Enlightenment project was predicated on the notion that human progress is inevitable and that heaven is on earth and virtually reachable now through human genius...
Out of a resurgence of British interest in the Holy Land as reflected at this time in Benjamin Disraeli’s novel Tancred and George Eliot’s powerfully influential piece of fiction entitled Daniel Deronda, The British established the Palestine Exploration Fund in 1865. In 1867 they sent Sir Charles Warren, a lieutenant in the Royal Engineers "to make archaeological soundings at Jerusalem in an effort to determine the exact location of the Temple and the Holy Sepulcher." ...